Week 5: Assignment – Critical Appraisal of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring is a conceptual thread in the USU College of Nursing’s curriculum framework. The purpose of this assignment is to offer students the opportunity to be exposed to Human Caring Science while providing students with the skills of critical appraisal of evidence.
Students will select one nursing research article that focuses on a study that used Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring as a theoretical framework.
Students should use as a guide, an appropriate Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist found in Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt (2019; pp. 708-722).
The critiques are to be informal, although correct grammar, spelling, etc., are expected. The critique should include a brief description of the study that was reviewed and should address elements of the study relevant to the critique.
Students will provide a written critique on a critical appraisal of the elements relevant to the nature of the research study such as type of study, design, quality of the study; and rationale, as well as implications for practice and further research and/or evaluation.
The grade will be based on the accuracy, level of content, and structure of the document.
Examples of research articles incorporating Jean Watson’s theory in the USU online library:
Durgun Ozan, Y., & Okumus, H. (2017). Effects of nursing care based on
Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping when
infertility treatment fails: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Caring
Sciences, 6(2), 95-109.
Rossillao, K. (2018). Caritas education: Theory to practice…2018
National Teaching Institute research abstracts presented at the AACN
National Teaching Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, May 21-24, 2018.
American Journal of Critical Care, 27(3), e 14 – e15.
Due: Monday, 11:59 pm PT
Length: 4-5 pages (including title and reference pages)
Format: Formal paper in APA 6th ed format
Citations: If used (not required) cite references according to APA 6th ed.
File name: Save the file with Student First Name_Last Name_Appraisal
See USU NUR Writing Assignment Rubric for additional details and point weighting.
Critical Appraisal of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Jean Watson’s theory of human caring presents a nursing model that puts curative care at the center of nursing practice. The theorist brings up the aspect of a transpersonal relationship in nursing care. Watson attempts to reunite the aspect of a provider and a patient, emphasizing the need for an efficient patient-provider relationship. The theory of human caring focuses on the benefits of a quality patient-provider relationship, thus shifting focus from conventional clinical care to encompass other aspects of human health (Pajnkihar, Štiglic, & Vrbnjak, 2017). Jean Watson tasks nurses with a critical moral role in which she describes nursing as both artistic and scientific. She suggests that nurses ought to develop various nursing education skills, enabling them to go the extra mile to ensure patient satisfaction (Pajnkihar, Štiglic, & Vrbnjak, 2017). This essay seeks to critically appraise human caring theory, discussing the impact of nursing care on anxiety, distress, and coping with the failure of infertility treatment in women.
Failure of infertility treatment in women has been found to breed familial, personal, and social issues (Ozan and Okumuş, 2017). The article’s objective was to assess the impact of a model that applied Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping in managing failed treatment for infertility. The study was conducted in Turkey, between April and November 2012, with a sample size of eighty-six women. The study thus recommended the theory of human caring, offering nurses guidance on managing women in similar circumstances, reducing anxiety and distress while helping them cope with the failure of treatment.
The research study in question is categorized as a randomized controlled trial. The study design has become a common approach in nursing research as it is efficient in demonstrating the effectiveness of care models and safety levels in experimental studies. Such studies have two groups of study participants, the test category and the control group. Similarly, the study participants were divided into two; the intervention group consisted of forty-five women and the control group of forty-one women. It is thus safe to state that the research study qualified as a randomized controlled trial. Besides, the group of people to receive the intervention and those to get treated conversely was decided upon in a random fashion. The control group, with which a placebo treatment was administered, was incorporated into the study for reference purposes.
The study design adhered to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). The study location was in Turkey, as indicated before. Only those above the legal age of consent, primarily infertile and could speak and write in Turkish during the selection of study participants, were chosen. Women whose fertility treatment had failed were not left out at the end of the study. The research study considers all factors that affect infertility in women, ultimately categorizing all the women who took part in the study. The article then highlights the key concepts in Watson’s theory of human theory, attempting to incorporate it into patient care. The study’s inclusivity is a crucial step toward implementing Watson’s theory and, as such, illustrated the researcher’s commitment to the application of the theory of human caring.
Jean Watson’s theory encompasses ten carative factors in nursing care, including altruistic-humanistic value systems, hope-faith, sensitivity, developing trust, fostering expression of feelings, the incorporation of problem-solving in decision-making, fostering teaching and learning, creating a supportive environment, gratifying human needs, and embracing phenomenological forces (Pajnkihar, Štiglic, & Vrbnjak, 2017). All these factors were featured in the research study. The researcher also held various consultative meetings with concerned parties where the parties were handed all the crucial information concerning the study to decide whether or not to take part. The participants were then enlightened on the study’s objectives and only became part of the study upon making an informed decision. Additionally, the researcher ensured that the study participants were kept abreast of any developments throughout the study period. The researcher notes that the research objectives were realized, illustrating the validity of the study.
Besides the successful highlights of the study, the researcher encountered a number of limitations. The study’s stipulations required that couples who offered to take part in the study had to undergo the tests together. This study, however, ignored the aspect of males since a majority of them discontinued their medication. This aspect prompted the possibility that some of the women in the study were not infertile since it could be that their partner had infertility issues. As such, including the males in the study would probably lead to conclusive results concerning the approach to human caring.
Moreover, there was a particular group of women that proved unresponsive to either intervention. This group prompted questions about the efficacy of the treatment approach. The nature of the study also posed a limitation since the participants commenced their treatment at varying times. With a certain number of women starting their treatment much later than the rest, it would be expected that these participants would take up their tests exactly one month after the treatment. The study, however, indicates that all follow-up tests were conducted at the same time.
The study aimed to determine the impact of Watson’s human caring model on women whose infertility treatment failed. Thus, the research was carried out to establish an appropriate nursing approach for such conditions as failed infertility treatment. The study put into consideration inclusivity as emphasized by the holistic needs approach in the theory of human caring. From the research study results, it is clear that Watson’s model of human caring effectively brought down anxiety and distress and helped the participants cope with following failed infertility treatment. Thus, the researcher recommends applying Watson’s theory in similar circumstances to enhance patient and nurse satisfaction.
The research study’s goal was to establish the effectiveness of applying Watson’s theory of human caring in cases of infertility treatment failure. In the theory, Jean Watson places emphasis on the need for inclusivity in nursing care. The researcher conducted the study with eighty-six Turkey women in 2012, between April and November. The study’s outcome revealed that applying Jean Watson’s theory of human caring was effective in reducing anxiety and distress and enhancing coping for women upon failure of infertility treatment. The study further established that incorporating the theory in nursing care enhanced the provider and patient satisfaction as well as the relationship between the parties. The researcher thus recommended the application of the nursing model in practice following the seemingly significant impact. The study validated Watson’s suggestions that the theory impacts both patients and providers.
Ozan, Y. D., & Okumuş, H. (2017). Effects of nursing care based on Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping, when infertility treatment fails: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of caring sciences, 6(2), 95.
Pajnkihar, M., Štiglic, G., & Vrbnjak, D. (2017). The concept of Watson’s carative factors in nursing and their (dis) harmony with patient satisfaction. PeerJ, 5, e2940.